June 28, 2016

English Language : Cloze Test Set 1

In the following passages there are blanks, each of which has been numbered.Against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately.Find out the appropriate word in each case.

Even after 60 years of independence it is disgraceful that we are yet to put our infrastructure in (1).There are two types of infrastructure in the country.One is the basic infrastructure such as water supply, drainage, education etc.The other is for comfort such as excellent roads, high speed trains etc.We have not (2) on either.What is the problems? Is it lack of money or funds? It may not (3) be so.We simply do not know how to go about things.What we have done is that we have created a number of layers of decision making authorities and too (4) agencies and regulations.We must get a number of (5) to get anything done.We need leadership not only in politics but also in administration.We need definition of our objectives such as what we need, why we need, and when we need it.

1. 1) vicinity
    2) organise
    3) place
    4) duty
    5) commitment

2. 1) established
    2) delivered
    3) accomplished
    4) attained
    5) qualified

3. 1) necessarily
    2) inevitably
    3) quietly
    4) voluntarily
    5) because

4. 1) abundant
    2) manifold
    3) much
    4) many
    5) great

5. 1) attempt
    2) bribe
    3) skill
    4) hardships
    5) clearances

           Rapidly growing cities in India have increased the demand for natural resources and (6) public services, including water supply. But the existing infrastructure is outdated and in desperate need of repair, where, according to the World Bank, about half the water supplied for domestic consumption is lost (7) internal leakages or theft.
       Other issues such as intermittent water supply with lack of water metering and, more importantly, loss of water arising from unmetered supply, often (8) as free supply, are increasing.
       There is thus a growing need to provide safe water on a continuous basis for all as a human right.(9) over 90 percent of urban households in India have access to water supply services, this access is often not equal, not (10) and not safe.

6. 1) useful
    2) natural
    3) basic
    4) fundamental
    5) primary

7. 1) by
    2) with
    3) after
    4) through
    5) in

8. 1) camouflaged
    2) known
    3) taken
    4) declared
    5) given

9. 1) When
    2) Whilst
    3) But
    4) Why
    5) Then

10. 1) supported
      2) granted
      3) assisted
      4) confirmed
      5) sustainable

Answers

1.     3
2.     2
3.     1
4.     4
5.     5
6.     3
7.     4
8.     1
9.     2
10.   5

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