May 20, 2016

Reasoning Ability: Syllogism Set-1

Directions (Q. 1 - 10): In this question two/three/four statments followed by two conclusions numbered I and II have been given. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements disregarding commonly known facts.

Given answer
1) if only conclusion I is true
2) if only conclusion II is true
3) if either conclusion I or II is true
4) if neither conclusion I nor II is true
5) if both conclusion I and II are true

1. Statements: All pens are books.
                         Some books are pages.
                         All pages are papers.
    Conclusions:  I. No paper is pen.
                            II. At least some pages are pens.

2. Statements: Some animals are dogs.
                         Some tigers are not dogs.
    Conclusion: I. All dogs being animals is a possibility.
                         II. No animal is a tiger.

3. Statements: Some Ds are Gs.
                         All Gs are Ks.
                         All Ks are Ls.
    Conclusion: I. At least some Ds are Ls.
                         II. All Gs are Ls.

4. Statements: Some kites are threads.
                         No thread is a card.
                         All cards are black.
    Conclusion: I. Some kites are not cards.
                         II. Some black are kites.

5. Statements: All rooms are wired.
                         All wires are roads.
                         All roads are cars.
    Conclusion: I.Some cars are rooms.
                         II. Some cars are wires.

6. Statements: All tables are pencils.
                         No pencil is box.
                         Some boxes are mats.
    Conclusions: I. Some mats are pencils.
                           II.Some boxes are tables.

7. Statements: Some chains are rings.
                         Some rings are bangles.
                         Some bangles are hands.
                         Some hands are ears.
    Conclusions: I. Some bangles are chains.
                           II. No chain is bangle.

8. Statements: All rods are bricks.
                         Some bricks are ropes.
                         All ropes are doors.
    Conclusions: I. All doors are ropes.
                           II. Some doors are bricks.

9. Statements: All towns are villages.
                          No village is forest.
                          Some forests are rivers.
    Conclusions: I. Some rivers are not villages.
                          II. All villages are towns.

10. Statements: Some lice are slates.
                           No apple is car.
                           All slates are apples.
     Conclusions: I. Some cars are slates.
                             II. Some apples are lice.


Answers

1.    4
2.    1
3.    5
4.    1
5.    5
6.    4
7.    3
8.    2
9.    1
10.  2

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